Water damage remediation – Alto

Property owners in Alto experience flood damage regularly. Whether you’ve experienced a natural disaster or a localized catastrophe such as a water line breakage, Critical Control is standing by to respond 24/7.

The most common cause of water damage is when water gets into a structure or residence via a flood, storm or ruptured pipe. Sometimes the damage is evident and apparent. Sometimes, the damage is hidden or not reported.

Remediation of water damage is more complicated than just drying out the interior. Modern professional methods for water damage remediation like Critical Control, can often reduce damage that would normally require a complete structural replacement.

Water Damage Restoration Guidelines are Available Contact an Professional

Oftentimes, home or building owners attempt to deal with water damage with DIY solutions found on the internet. This is inadvisable. There are guidelines for dealing with water damage and they call on the equipment and expertise of experts. These guidelines are detailed in the IICRC Standard Reference Guide or Professional Water Damage Restoration publication. This guideline is essential to ensure that there is a professional standardisation for scenarios involving water damage structures or homes, as well as the risk associated with it.

The IICRC guidelines assist restoration experts like Critical Control to evaluate the kind and severity of the damage on each project.

There are a lot of reasons why professionals dealing with water damage must follow these guidelines. There are certain situations that require our bringing in an Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP). An IEP is a person who has the skills and experience to analyze the condition of a place, take samples, run lab tests, and then give us advice on the type of water damage.

This is particularly important in cases where the building’s inhabitants could be at risk, there are a chance of adverse health effects, the occupants have a desire to know the contaminants that are suspected or any other reason for concerns about contamination.

Categories and classes of Water Damage


Restoration projects for water damage are classified according to category and class, based on the severity of the flooding of water.

The water entering the building was classified according to the degree of contamination. The first category is water that is clean, such as the sink or tub, or a water source that bursts.

The category 2 water has high levels of contaminants, and could be able to cause discomfort of illness if contacted or consumed. This could include water that isn’t obvious as a threat, such as the discharge from washing machines or spills from toilets.

Water in the category 3 is severely polluted, meaning it could contain toxic, pathogenic or other harmful substances within it. This usually means contamination from the backflow of toilets from the toilet trap and seawater, flooding from rivers and streams or any other water arising from the building exterior. This water may include heavy metals, pesticides or harmful substances.


The IICRC has also created classes we use in measuring the amount of water intrusion to your property. This is basically setting guidelines for the level of saturation of the building or home.

Class 1 refers to the lowest amount of absorption and water. This happens when water comes into contact with less than 5% of construction substances that absorb water. This is because the majority of substances affected by water do not retain or absorb water. Examples include concrete, coated or finished wood, masonry or plaster.

Class 2 indicates that there is substantial absorption of water and intrusion. It’s about 10% up to 40% of the total ceiling, floor, and wall are composed of low evaporation materials such as plaster, concrete, wood or masonry.

Class 3 refers to the fact that around 40% or more of the floor, wall and ceiling materials are porous materials like fiberboard, insulation, carpet etc. Other materials like concrete or plaster that don’t absorb water haven’t been adversely affected.

Class 4 indicates that water has become deeply stuck in materials that do not easily absorb water like concrete, wood, and the masonry. This will require more time to dry and special drying techniques.

How Drying a Water Damaged Home or Building Works


Three ways of removing water from buildings are physical extraction, dehumidification and the process of evaporation. Eliminating liquid water is typically 500 times more efficient than using dehumidifiers or airmovers. The faster the structure can dry, the more efficient. The quantity of materials to be extracted will influence the extraction process as well as dehumidification methods.

Water damage professionals use a variety methods. Our tools include tools for subsurface extraction, wands Self-propelled tools, self-propelled instruments, and vacuum squeezers.

Forced Evaporation

After as much water is removed, any moisture remaining is then dried by high-speed airmovers.

If an object is wet or submerged in water, it absorbs some water or moisture. The material gets wet or damp due to this.

The level of saturation is described as the point at which it becomes impossible to contain any more moisture. The greater the humidity, the more close the air is to saturation.

In the evaporation phase in which water molecules are ejected from a liquid to a gaseous state. This is called the process of evaporation.

This signifies that the object no longer absorbs water from the air. This is called the saturation point. Once the saturation point is reached drying starts.

In the evaporation phase high-efficiency air movers dry the object from two sides. They produce strong airflow that is controlled by a filter system.

An air mover can move around 10 to 20 percent more air than a fan, or even a regular fan used in the home.

The object is dried by airmovers about 10 times faster than in natural conditions in which no air mover was employed.

Airflows that are high-velocity dry the surface and absorbs moisture pulled out by the air movement.

Utilizing Heat To Aid In The Drying Process

Heating is a crucial element of any restoration task. To dry out materials damaged by water, we use various types of heaters.

Electric Heating Equipment: These heaters can be used to dry jobs that require multiple heat sources. You can run multiple heaters simultaneously because of their many power ratings.

Electric heat is also adjustable, allowing it to be turned down or off during the process, without affecting your other heaters. This means you can lower one heater, while increasing the power of the other to increase efficiency and reduce your cost of energy.

Because they emit almost no carbon dioxide and require less water Electric heaters are used in restoration projects. They are more difficult to heat up and require longer drying time.

Hydronic Bioler (TES): Hydronic boilers are also very efficient at quickly heating up yet releasing low emissions. They can be run on propane or natural gas.

Hydronic boilers differ from electric heaters because they don’t use forced-air heat to spread heat. This can make it difficult to distribute heat evenly over large areas with these heaters. They can also be utilized for dry work that does not require ceilings or walls to be able to stand in their place.

If electric heaters are not utilized, hydronic boilers can typically be utilized. Because they are so efficient at producing radiant heat, they can easily keep your drying space warm even when there is no electrical power source.


To dry buildings and houses which have suffered damage due to flooding, we make use of low Grain Refrigerant (LGR) Dehumidifiers.

The LGR Home Dehumidifier can remove 170 pints of water from an un-dry structure that is severely damaged by water damage each all day, every hour of the day.

The dehumidifier at home is able to remove water from the air in the same way it does an LGR Refrigerant Dehumidifier. It will also eliminate the 99 percent or more of the mold spores that are airborne through the elimination of condensation.

Fixing Hardwood Floor Water Damage

Water damaged hardwood floors need to be cut up to ensure repairs can occur starting from the subflooring up.

Subflooring that is damaged first has to be removed and replaced. The affected hardwood floors need to be sanded down or replaced. To ensure a uniform appearance the floors must be sanded and repaired after these repairs have been completed.

Carpets are vulnerable to water damage

Floods can cause severe destruction to your home and make it costly and difficult to repair. Even if the water has been taken away from the affected region immediately, there’s the possibility that you’ll need to eventually replace the flooring.

After spending time and money restoring your home to pre-flood condition, it would be devastating to find that the finished results leave something to be desired.

It is crucial to determine the severity of the damage as quickly as possible. One of the first issues to address is whether the damaged area should be replaced. There’s a good chance that the carpet can be cleaned and used after drying and the cleaning process can help to eliminate the worries about the growth of mildew and persistent odors.

Salvaging Carpet After a Water Damage Event

You may notice stains on your carpeting , especially if the damage to your carpet was severe. Sometimes, you will have to change your flooring to get rid of these stains. A strong, lingering odor could also be a reason to change your carpet. It’s time to replace your carpet padding and padding when this happens.

The next step in determining whether or not you’ll need to replace your carpeting is to assess whether the flooring can be dried and cleaned professionally. If you can have a reputable company perform the cleaning, then you will have a better idea of how severe the water damage was. We can evaluate whether or not the carpet should be replaced or can be salvaged. If your carpet is damaged, certain drying methods can cause further damage to it.

A variety of factors can determine the decision of whether padding or carpet should be replaced.

  • What percentage of water did you find on your carpet?
  • How long did the water sit on the carpet?
  • What was the origin of the water?

Do your carpets get professionally cleaned, dried and disinfected?

If the padding under your carpet has been damaged, it can impact the length of time your carpet is clean. Although your carpet might be dry but the chance of mildew development is present if the padding beneath it has not dried out as well.

The safest way to ensure that your carpeting is properly cleaned and disinfected following flooding is to employ an expert carpet cleaning service. After the company completes their job, you’ll be able to make a more informed decision regarding the condition of your carpet and determine whether or not to change it.

Drywall damaged by water

The severity of the damage determines the nature and method of drywall repair. Repairing water damage may be as easy as taking out the drywall portion, cleaning the area, and then putting it back.

The flip side of the coin is that significant damage may need to be repaired completely, including fiberglass insulation and wall studs.

Mold spores can be found in damaged drywall, which is hard to get rid of. In most cases, the drywall will have to be replaced. We use moisture testing equipment which allow us to identify where and how extensive the water has grown. This helps us identify damaged areas and limit costs to those areas that are only damaged.

Water can also cause structural damage, as it causes the material to expand or expand or contract. It is much easier to break wood when it has been moistened by water. If the water remains for a long period of time, it could cause an extensive amount of rot on the wood, which could cause it to break easily.


This problem can be avoided by building owners and homeowners immediately taking action to repair structural damage from moisture-related issues that affect their property after a flood or other water-related damage.

Water Damage to the Foundation

Damage to a home’s foundation can happen due to a number of reasons. While not all water concerns result in structural damage, it is essential to fix foundational issues promptly to avoid potential structural damage.

Foundation water damage can cause various issues in the manner it is dealt with. If the issue isn’t treated promptly, it could cause serious structural damage.


Roof Water Damage

Water damage to roofs can be caused by natural disasters, just like foundation water damage. Roof damage can lead to roof leaks, and can also cause damage to the foundation of a house or house.

Roof leaks can be costly and can have serious drawbacks. Leaks in the roof may cause mildew and mold to grow, which can be deadly. A roof that is leaky could harm the roof truss system and cause structural damage to the roof.

If you don’t take care to address the leaks in your ceiling promptly, they can cause your rafters decay and soften. Electrical problems are also common in the case of roof water damage which can cause an electrical fire. These are all good reasons to have your roof water damage repaired swiftly following a flood , or any other damage that is unexpected.

HVAC Water Damage

Your home may be damaged by structural damage if the HVAC system fails or is defective equipment is installed. Without HVAC you’re opening the interior of your house or business to all sorts of issues. The growth of mold can cause a variety of health issues that are very serious.

Pipe Water Damage

Pipe water damage is usually caused by a burst pipe within your home. Once you’ve determined there’s leak, it’s essential to contact a professional to stop the water from damaging the structure.

The burst of pipes can cause lot of damage. When your pipes break and water enters your home, creating extensive damages and necessitating water damage repair – which can cause structural damage.

Stop the water supply and then call an expert IICRC-certified specialist at a water restoration firm like Critical Control as soon as you notice broken pipe water damage.

What is the price of restoring water damage?

Water damage restoration cost per square foot

Cleaning and repair costs can vary based on how many square feet you have. The following pricing breakdown can be obtained from National Flood Services for each square foot

  • Clean water category 1: $3.75/sq. ft.
  • Category 2 gray water: $4.50/sq. feet.
  • Category 3 blackwater cost: $7/sq. feet.

Is water damage covered by homeowners’ insurance?

Insurance policies for homeowners are typically applicable if the source of the damage is sudden and unintentional. According to the Insurance Information Institute, homeowners insurance policies can cover repair or replacement of a broken window, however, not if the damage is a result of neglect.

Damage caused by neglect can be described as wear and tear on the surface or object because of exposure, lack of preventative upkeep or general deterioration. The Insurance Information Institute in the US declares that homeowners insurance does NOT cover neglect-related damage.

If the water damage results from an event that is a flood, it is not covered under homeowner’s insurance. Rather, a flood policy is required. In some regions, flood policies are required by mortgage companies. Flooding can happen due to floods, storms or overflowing bodies of water, or overflowing or surging bodies such as rivers, lakes, streams and oceans.