Flood damage restoration service – Fairfax

Building owners in Fairfax suffer flood damage regularly. Whether you’ve been affected by a natural disaster or a localized catastrophe such as a building flood, Critical Control is standing by to respond 24/7.

Damage to water is more frequent when water enters a building or house via a flood, storm or burst pipe. Sometimes the damage is visible and obvious, sometimes it’s hidden or minor.

The process of repairing water damage is more complex than just drying the interior. Modern professional water damage remediation techniques, such as Critical Control, can often minimize damage that otherwise would have required total structural replacement.

Water Damage Restoration Guidelines are readily available Contact for a Professional

Oftentimes, home or building owners try to tackle water damage with DIY solutions available on the internet. This is not advisable. Water damage can be managed in accordance with established guidelines. These guidelines require the skills and tools of professionals. These guidelines can be included in the IICRC Standard Reference Guide, or Professional Water Damage Restoration book. This guide is required to ensure that there is a professional standardisation for scenarios involving water damage buildings or homes, and the risk associated with it.

The IICRC guidelines assist restoration professionals like Critical Control to evaluate the kind and severity of the damage to each project.

These guidelines are crucial for professionals dealing with water damage. In certain circumstances there are situations where an Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP) is essential. An IEP is a professional who has the training to assess a site for contamination, collect samples, get lab tests, and then help us determine the kind of water damage.

This is especially important in situations where the occupants of the building could be at risk, is a possibility of negative health effects, the people who live there express a need to identify the contaminants that are suspected or have another reason that there might be concerned about contamination.

Water damage according to categorizes and classes


Restoration projects for water damage are divided into two categories in accordance with the degree of the infiltration of water is.

The classification refers to how contaminated the water that enters the structure has been. Category 1 is water that is clean such as an unclean sink or tub, or a burst water supply.

Category 2 water contains significant levels of contaminants and can cause illness when it is inhaled or touched. The sources could be water that isn’t obvious as a threat, such as the discharge from washing machines or spills from toilets.

Water in Category 3 can be considered extremely contaminated. It could contain toxic, pathogenic, or other harmful substances. This can be caused by leaks from toilet traps, as well as floods of water from rivers and streams. The water in this category could contain heavy metals, pesticides, regulated materials or toxic substances within it.


It is also possible to use the IICRC’s classes to determine just how much water has entered your property. This is basically setting guidelines for the level of saturation of the structure or the home.

The lowest degree of water absorption , and the greatest amount of water is categorized as Class 1. This is when the water is in contact with about 5% or less with building materials which absorb water. This is due to the fact that most of the substances affected by water don’t hold or absorb water. Concrete, plaster, masonry, and wood that has been finished/coated are some of the examples.

Class 2 means that there is substantial absorption of water and intrusion. It means that anywhere between 5 to 40% of the floor, ceiling, and wall are made of materials with low-evaporation, such as wood, concrete, plaster or bricks and mortar.

The porous materials, like fiberboard, insulation and carpet which make up Class 3 are approximately 40 percent of wall, floor and ceiling materials, with around 40% in class 3. and where other materials that do not take in a lot of water, such as plaster or concrete have not been negatively affected.

Class 4 refers to the fact that water is trapped in the materials that can not readily absorb water, such as plaster, wood, concrete and masonry. This requires more drying time and special drying techniques.

How to Dry a Water Damaged House or Building


Three ways of removing water from buildings include physical extraction, dehumidification, and the process of evaporation. Eliminating liquid water is typically 500 times more effective than using dehumidifiers or air movers. The quicker the structure is dried the more effective. Both methods of extraction and dehumidification are affected by how much material is being removed.

Professionals dealing with water damage utilize a variety of extraction techniques. We have tools for subsurface extraction, wands, self-propelled tools, and vacuum squeegees.

Forcible Evaporation

Once all water is removed, the remaining moisture is dried with high-speed airmovers.

Submerged objects absorb water and moisture when it is moistened. The material becomes damp or wet as a result.

Saturation is the time at which it becomes impractical for air to hold any moisture. The higher the humidity, the closer the air is to being saturated.

In the evaporation phase the water molecules leap from a liquid state to a gaseous state. The process is called evaporation.

In another way it is no longer absorbs additional moisture from the air. This is known as the saturation point. As soon as saturation is attained, the drying process begins.

High-efficiency air movers dry objects on both sides in the evaporation phase. They produce strong airflow that is controlled by a filtering system.

A fan that moves air can move 10-20 times more air than an ordinary household fan.

The item is dried by airmovers about 10 times faster that in natural conditions where there was no air movement.

High-velocity airflow dry the surface and absorbs moisture pulled out by the air movement.

Utilize heat to aid in the drying process

The most important element for any water damage restoration work is heat. To dry out the materials damaged by water, we make use of a number of different types of heaters.

Electric Heaters: Electric heaters are great to dry jobs that require various heat sources. It is possible to run several heaters simultaneously due to their many power ratings.

It is also possible to turn off or off electric heat when the task is done, and not affect other heaters. To increase efficiency and reduce the cost of energy it is possible to adjust the wattage of one heater while increasing it’s wattage.

Electric heaters are common in restoration jobs because they produce essentially no emissions and use only a small amount of water. They take longer to warm up and need longer drying time.

Hydronic Bioler (TES) Hydronic Bioler (TES), The boilers quickly heat up and emit very little emissions. They can run on propane or natural gas.

Hydronic boilers differ from electric heaters because they don’t use forced-air heat to spread heat. This makes it difficult to evenly heat large areas using these heaters. They are also able to dry jobs that do not require walls or ceilings to be able to stand in their place.

Hydronic boilers are often used when there is no power available to power electric heaters. Because they are extremely efficient in producing radiant heat they are able to keep your drying area warm even without an electric power source.


We utilize low Grain Refrigerant Dehumidifiers (LGR) to dry buildings and homes that have experienced water damage.

The LGR Home Dehumidifier is capable of removing 170 pints of water from a damp building that is severely affected by water damage every all day, every hour of the day.

Apart from removing water from the air, like an LGR Refrigerant Dehumidifier does, the home dehumidifier will also eliminate as much as 99% of airborne mold spores in the air by eliminating condensation.

Fixing Hardwood Floor Water Damage

It is important to remove the hardwood floors that have been damaged by water to allow repairs to be done by removing the subflooring.

The subflooring must be removed and repaired prior to. Next, the hardwood boards affected need to be replaced or sanded. Once these repairs are complete and the floor is finished, it should be sanded and refinished to ensure uniformity.

Carpets are vulnerable to water damage

Floods can cause serious damage to your home and make it costly and difficult to repair. You may need to replace your flooring even if you’ve eliminated the water from the area as fast as is possible.

After investing time and money in restoring your home to original state, it could be depressing to discover that the finished results leave something to be desired.

Because of this, it is essential to evaluate the extent of the damage as quickly as is possible. The first step is determine if the affected part requires replacement. It is possible to wash the carpet and then use it once dry. This can eliminate worries about the growth of mildew or persistent odors.

Salvaging Carpet After a Water Damage Event

There may be stains on your carpet if the damage from water was severe. In some instances the only solution to remove these stains is to change the flooring. Another aspect that may prompt you to think of replacing your carpet is the persistent and strong scent. It is necessary to replace your carpet padding and padding when this happens.

The next step in determining whether or not it is necessary to replace your carpeting is to assess whether the flooring can be cleaned and dried professionally. If you can have a reputable company perform the cleaning, you’ll have a better idea of how severe the water damage was. Our company will assess your carpet and determine if it should be replaced or salvageable. If your carpet is already damaged, certain drying techniques can further damage it.

Many factors determine whether the carpet or padding is a good idea to replace it.

  • How much water got onto your carpet?
  • What was the duration of amount of water that sat on the carpet?
  • What was the source of the water?

Do your carpets get professionally dried, cleaned, and disinfected?

The carpet’s ability to stay fresh can be compromised if the padding beneath it is damaged. Although your carpet might have been dried immediately but the chance of mildew development is present if the padding under it is not dried too.

A professional carpet cleaning service is the best option to ensure that your carpet is dry and clean after a flood. After the job is completed you’ll be able to make an informed decision about the condition of your carpet. You can also decide whether you want to replace it.

Drywall damaged by water

The severity of the damage will determine the type and way to repair drywall. Repairing water damage could be as easy as removing a portion of drywall, cleaning the area, and then putting it back.

The other side is that major damage could need to be repaired completely, including the wall studs and fiberglass insulation.

The spores of mold can be seen in water damaged drywall that is difficult to remove. So in most cases the drywall needs to be replaced. We utilize moisture testing tools that help us determine how large and where the humidity has gotten. This allows us to isolate the areas that are damaged and keep costs restricted to areas that need to be repaired.

The water can also cause structural damage, as it causes the wood to expand and expand and contract. After the wood has been moistened with water, it’s a lot easier to break. If the water sits for a prolonged time, there could be a significant amount of rot on the wood which can make it break easily.


In order to counteract this issue, it’s important to homeowners and property owners to fix structural damage from water-related issues with their property immediately after a flood or water damage incident.

Water Damage in the Foundation

There are many reasons water damage could affect the foundation of a house. Although not all water problems could cause structural damage, it is important to fix foundational issues as soon as possible to prevent further structural damage.

The water damage from foundations can result in a myriad of problems based on how it’s treated. It can lead to serious structural damage if the issue isn’t taken care of quickly.


Roof Water Damage

Water damage to roofs can be caused by natural catastrophes as well as foundation water damage. Along with the possibility of roof leaks, roof damage can also cause problems with the walls or foundations of a construction.

Roof leaks are expensive and have serious disadvantages. A leak on the roof can result in mold and mildew to develop, which could be fatal. A leaking roof may also cause damage to the roof truss system, which can cause structural damage to the roof.

Leaks in the ceiling can cause your rafters’ to degrade and soften if you don’t deal with them right away. Electrical faults are also common in roof water damage, which could cause the possibility of an electrical fire. These are all good reasons to have your roof water damage fixed quickly following a flood , or any other unexpected damage.

HVAC Water Damage

Your home can suffer structural damage if your HVAC system fails or faulty equipment is installed. Your business and your home at risk in the absence of HVAC. It can lead to serious health problems.

Pipe Water Damage

Damage to pipes typically caused by a ruptured pipe in your home. Once you have determined that there is a leak, it’s important to get professional help to stop the water and make sure it doesn’t cause structural damage.

Pipes that burst can cause a number of damages. When pipes are damaged they can let water into your home, causing severe damage , and may require water damage repair – a process that can result in structural damage.

When you see damaged water pipes stop the water supply.

How much does it cost to fix water damage?

Water damage restoration cost per square foot

Cleaning and repair cost will differ based on how much square footage you have. The following breakdown of pricing is available at National Flood Services for each square foot

  • Clean water category 1: $3.75/sq. feet.
  • Category 2 gray water: $4.50/sq. ft.
  • Category 3 blackwater cost: $7/sq. Ft.

Is water damage insured by the homeowner’s insurance?

Insurance policies for homeowners are typically applicable if the source of the damage is sudden and not intentional. According to the Insurance Information Institute, homeowners insurance policies can cover repair or replacement for a broken window, but not when the damage was the result of negligence.

Neglect is defined as damage to a surface or an object that results from exposure, inadequate maintenance, or general deterioration. The Insurance Information Institute in the United States states that homeowners insurance will not cover damage caused by neglect.

If the damage to your property resulted from flooding, the incident is not covered under homeowner’s insurance. The flood insurance policy is mandatory. In some areas where flood insurance is required, it’s usually by mortgage lenders. Flooding can happen because of storms, ground that is saturated to the point of flooding or overflowing bodies of water like lakes, rivers, ponds, streams, oceans when combined with strong winds.