Water damage restoration service – Fairfax

Property owners in Fairfax experience flood damage on a regular basis. Whether you’ve suffered from a natural disaster or a localized catastrophe such as a ruptured pipe, Critical Control is standing by to respond 24/7.

When a flood, storm or burst pipes cause water to get into a home or building, water damage occurs more often than not. Sometimes the damage is visible and obvious, but sometimes it’s hidden or minor.

It’s more complex than simply drying the interior to fix water damage. Modern techniques for water damage repair like Critical Control, can often minimize damage that otherwise would need a total structural replacement.

Water Damage Restoration Guidelines are available Contact for a Professional

Many times, building or home owners try to tackle water damage by using DIY solutions that can be found online. This is inadvisable. Water damage can be managed in accordance with the established guidelines. These guidelines require the skills and tools of experts. The guidelines are set forth in what is known as IICRC Standard Reference Guide or Professional Water Damage Restoration publication. This guide is required to ensure the professional standardisation of situations involving water damage to houses or buildings, and the associated risks.

Critical Control, a restoration company, can use the IICRC guidelines to help them evaluate the severity and nature of the damage each project has sustained.

These guidelines are essential for professionals dealing with water damage. There are situations that warrant the use of an Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP). An IEP is an expert who has the knowledge and experience to evaluate a site for contamination and collect samples, conduct laboratory tests, and help us determine the kind of water damage.

This is crucial in situations where the building’s occupants are at high risk or there is concern about contamination.

Categories and Classes of Water Damage


Restoration projects for water damage are classified into two categories according to the extent of the water infiltration is.

The class is based on how contaminated the water entering the structure has been. Category 1 water comes from a clean source like an unclean sink or tub, or a water source that bursts.

The category 2 water contains significant amounts of contaminants, and could be able to cause discomfort of illness if contacted or consumed. This can include sources which may not normally seem like dangers, such as the discharge from washing machines or overflows from toilets.

Water in Category 3 can be considered highly contaminated. It could be contaminated by toxic, pathogenic, or any other harmful substances. This could be due to sewage backflows, leaks in toilet traps, and water flooding from rivers and streams. This category of water can have pesticides, heavy metals and regulated substances as well as toxic substances in it.


You can also utilize the IICRC’s courses to determine how much water has gotten into your property. This is basically an indication of how much saturated a structure or home ought to be.

The lowest amount of water absorption , and the greatest amount of water is categorized as Class 1. This is when water is in contact with less than 5% the building substances that absorb water. This is usually the case that the majority of the building items affected by water are low in evaporation, which means that they don’t soak up and hold water. Concrete, finished/coated wood, plaster , or masonry.

Class 2 refers to absorption of water and intrusion. This means that between 5% to 40% of the total ceiling, floor and wall is made of materials with low-evaporation, such as wood, concrete, or masonry.

The porous materials, such as carpet, insulation , and fiberboard, that make up Class 3 are approximately 40 percent of wall, floor and ceiling materials. This includes about 40% in class 3. Other materials such as concrete and plaster that do not absorb water haven’t been affected in any way.

Class 4 refers to the fact that water is trapped in the materials that can not easily absorb water like plaster, wood, concrete and masonry. This calls for special drying techniques and longer drying times.

How do you dry a water damaged building or house


Three methods for removing water from buildings are physical extraction, dehumidification, and the process of evaporation. The removal of liquid water is at least 500 times more effective than simply putting up with dehumidifiers and air movers. The quicker the structure is dried, the better. Both methods of extraction and dehumidification are affected by how much stuff is being extracted.

Professionals dealing with water damage employ different extraction techniques. We make use of a variety of equipment, such as subsurface extraction tools and self-propelled tools.

Forcible Evaporation

The remainder of the moisture gets then dried with high-velocity air movers after as much water as has been taken away.

If an object is wet or submerged in water, it absorbs some of the water or moisture. The result is that the material gets dampened or wet.

Saturation is defined as the point where it becomes unachievable for air to hold any moisture. The higher the humidity, the more close the air is getting to saturation.

The evaporation process occurs the moment when water molecules shift from an in liquid state to a gaseous form. This process is known as evaporation.

In this way it is no longer absorbs additional moisture from the air. This is known as the saturation point. the point at which evaporation begins. When saturation is reached the drying process starts.

In the process of evaporation, highly-efficient air moves dry the object on two sides. They generate strong airflow that is controlled by a filter system.

An air mover moves around 10 to 20 times the amount of air than an ordinary fan.

The item is dried by airmovers about 10 times faster that in natural conditions in which there was no air movement.

A high-velocity airflow is able to dry the surface and sucks up the moisture drawn out by the air mover.

Use heat to assist the drying process.

Heat is an important component of any restoration task. We make use of a variety heaters to dry materials that are damaged by water.

Electric Heaters: These heaters can be used to dry tasks that require multiple heat sources. It is possible to run several heaters simultaneously due to their many wattages.

Electric heat is also able to be shut off or reduced during the process, without affecting your other heaters. To increase efficiency and reduce the cost of energy you can alter the power of one heater, while also increasing its power.

Electric heaters are common in restoration jobs since they generate virtually no emissions and require very little water. They require longer to heat up and take longer drying time.

Hydronic Bioler (TES) These boilers are extremely efficient at quickly heating up and generating minimal emissions. They typically operate using propane or natural gas.

Hydronic boilers are different from electric heating in that they do not utilize forced-air for distribution of heat, which means it could be challenging to evenly heat a large area using these kinds of heaters. They can also be used to dry jobs that do not require walls or ceilings to be able to stand in their place.

Hydronic boilers are also often employed when there isn’t enough power available to power electric heaters. Because they are so efficient at producing radiant heat, they are able to keep your drying area warm even without an electrical power source.


To dry buildings and houses which have suffered damage due to flooding, we employ Low Grain Refrigerant (LGR) Dehumidifiers.

The LGR Home Dehumidifier can remove 170 pints of water from damp structures that have suffered severe water damage within 24 hours.

Apart from removing water from the air, such as an LGR Refrigerant Dehumidifier does this, the home dehumidifier can also get rid of up to 99percent of airborne mold spores in the air through the elimination of condensation.

Fixing Wood Floor Water Damage

It is crucial to get rid of flooring that has been damaged by water to ensure that repairs can be completed starting from the subflooring.

First, damaged subflooring needs to be taken off and fixed. The damaged hardwood boards need to be sanded down or replaced. When the repairs are finished and the floor is finished, it should be sanded and refinished to ensure a uniform appearance.

Carpets Damaged by Water

If you’ve been unfortunate enough to have flooding in your house, it can be a stressful and expensive experience. Even if the water has been eliminated from the area immediately, there is an opportunity that you’ll have to replace the flooring in the future.

After spending time and money restoring your home to original state, it could be a shock to discover that the finished results leave an unsatisfactory impression.

Because of this, it is important to assess the extent of the damage as soon as possible. One of the first things to address is whether the damaged area needs to be replaced. There is a way to clean the carpet and then use it once dry. This will eliminate any worries about mildew growth or persistent odors.

Salvaging Carpet After a Water Damage Event

You may notice stains on your carpet if the damage to your carpet was serious. In certain instances the only option to remove the stains is to replace the flooring. Another factor that could cause you to think about replacing your carpet is the persistent and strong odor. You will need to replace your carpet padding and padding when this happens.

Then, consider if your floor can be professionally dried before you decide to repair it or replace it. A professional service will be able to help you determine how serious the damages were. We will be able to determine if your carpet should be replaced or saved. Be aware that some methods used for drying can also further damage the carpet even if it’s already in bad condition.

Some of the considerations that will determine whether or whether the padding and carpet should be replaced include:

Are your carpets dry and cleaned, or disinfected and cleaned professionally?

If the padding underneath your carpet is also damaged, this can affect the length of time your carpet will remain clean. Even though your carpet may be dry, the possibility of mildew growth is still there if the padding underneath it has not dried as well.

Professional carpet cleaning company is the best option to ensure that your carpet is clean and dry after a flood. After the company completes their job, you’ll be in a position to make an informed decision about the state of your carpet and decide whether or not to replace it.

Drywall damaged by water

The degree of damage determines the type and way to repair drywall. Repairing water damage can be simple as taking out the drywall section, cleaning it, and after that, replacing it.

The other side is that serious damage could require a complete replacement of the wall, which includes walls studs and fiberglass insulation.

There are spores of mold in drywall damaged by water that is difficult to eliminate. In most instances, drywall will need to be replaced. We use moisture testing tools to measure the amount of moisture. This allows us to identify the areas that are damaged and limit the costs to the areas that are damaged in a way that is necessary.

It also causes structural damage, as it causes the wood material to expand and expand and contract. When the wood is saturated by water, it becomes a lot easier to break. The wood can get brittle if left to dry in water for too long.


In order to counteract this issue, it’s important for homeowners and building owners to address structural damages from water-related issues with their home immediately following an event like a flood or water damage incident.

Foundation Water Damage

There are many reasons water damage can cause to a foundation of a house. While not all water issues cause structural damage, it’s crucial to address foundation issues as soon as possible to prevent further structural damage.

Water damage to the foundation can trigger many different problems dependent on the way it is dealt with. If the problem isn’t treated promptly, it could result in structural damage that is severe.


Roof Water Damage

Water damage to roofs can be caused by natural catastrophes as well as foundation water damage. In addition to creating roof leaks damage can cause issues with the walls and the foundation of a house or building.

Leaking roofs are costly and can have serious drawbacks. Leaks in the roof can result in mold and mildew to develop, which could be fatal. A roof that is leaky could affect the roof truss structure and cause structural damage to the roof.

Leaks in your ceiling could cause your rafters’ to degrade and soften if you do not take action immediately. Electrical problems are also common in roof water damage, that can lead to an electrical fire. All of these are good reasons to have roof water damage dealt with quickly after a flood or other type of unexpected damage.

HVAC Water Damage

Your home may be damaged structurally if your HVAC system is not working properly or the wrong equipment is installed. You are putting your home and business at risk by not having HVAC. The growth of mold can result in a range of health issues that are very serious.

Damage to pipes caused by water

If you’re experiencing pipe water damage, the water will likely be coming from a pipe that has burst in your home. Once you’ve determined there’s leak, it’s essential to contact a professional to stop the water from damaging the structure.

A pipe that bursts can cause devastating damage. If your pipes fail, water may enter your home, causing severe damage and requiring repairs for water damage – which can bring with it structural damages.

When you see damaged water pipes stop the water supply.

What’s the price to restore the water damage?

Water damage restoration cost per square foot

Depending on the square foot, water damage repair and cleanup costs vary. National Flood Services has the following breakdown of pricing for each square foot:

Are water damages covered by homeowners’ insurance?

If the cause was accidental and sudden, homeowners insurance policies will usually cover it. The Insurance Information Institute states that homeowners insurance will provide for the repair or replacement of damaged windows, but not for damage caused by neglect.

Neglect can be described as damage to a surface or an object that is the result of the weather, lack of maintenance or general deterioration. According to the American-based Insurance Information Institute, homeowners insurance does not cover damage due to neglect.

A homeowners policy would not be able to cover damage to water due to flooding. Instead, a flood insurance policy is mandatory. Mortgage lenders might require flood insurance in specific areas. Flooding may occur as a result of storms, ground that is saturated to the point of flooding or overflowing bodies of water such as rivers, ponds, lakes, streams, oceans together with high winds.