Water damage remediation – Fairmede - Hilltop

Property owners in Fairmede - Hilltop suffer water damage on a regular basis. Whether you’ve suffered from a natural disaster or a localized catastrophe such as a fire suppression activation, Critical Control is standing by to respond 24/7.

Damage to water is more frequent when water seeps into a building or residence by way of a flood, storm or burst pipe. Sometimes the damage is visible and evident, while other times it’s subtle or even hidden.

It’s more complex than simply drying the interior of the building to repair water damage. Modern methods for water damage remediation, such as Critical Control, can often minimize damage that otherwise would have required total structural replacement.

Water Damage Restoration Guidelines are Available Contact an Professional

Oftentimes, home or building owners attempt to deal with water damage using DIY solutions available online. This is a mistake. There are guidelines to deal with water damage and they require the equipment and expertise of professionals. These guidelines can be included in the IICRC Standard Reference Guide, or Professional Water Damage Restoration book. This guide is created because of the need for professional standards in cases involving water damage to buildings and homes and the risks they create.

Critical Control, a restoration firm, is able to use IICRC guidelines to evaluate the severity and nature of the project’s damages.

These guidelines are essential for water damage professionals. In some situations, the use of an Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP) is essential. An IEP is an individual who has the expertise and experience to analyze a site for contamination, take samples, run lab tests, then offer us suggestions on the type of water damage.

This is especially important in situations where the building’s occupants are in danger or have concerns about contamination.

Categories and Classes of Water Damage


Water damage restoration projects are classified by category and class, based on the degree of invasion of water.

The water that entered the building was classified based on its contamination. Category 1 is water that originates from a clean source such as the sink or tub, or a water source that bursts.

The category 2 water has significant levels of contaminants and is likely to cause discomfort of illness if contacted or consumed. The sources could be water that isn’t obvious as a risk, such as the discharge from washing machines or spills from toilets.

Water in the category 3 is severely affected, which means that it may contain toxic, pathogenic, or other harmful agents within it. This could be due to backflows of sewage, toilet trap leaks, and water flooding from streams and rivers. This water may be contaminated by pesticides, heavy metals or other toxic substances.


You can also utilize the IICRC’s courses to determine how much water has gotten into your property. This is basically an indication of the amount of water a building or house should be.

The lowest level of water absorption , and the highest amount of water is classified as Class 1. This is the case when water comes in contact with less than 5% of construction substances which absorb water. This is due to the fact that most of the substances affected by water do not retain or absorb water. Concrete, plaster, masonry, and finished/coated wood are just several examples.

Class 2 refers to absorption of water and intrusion. It is approximately 5% up to 40% of the total ceiling, floor and wall consist of low evaporation materials like plaster, wood, concrete, or masonry.

Class 3 means that about 40% or more of the flooring, walls and ceiling materials are porous materials like fiberboard, insulation, carpet and so on. and where other materials that do not take in a lot of water, such as concrete or plaster haven’t been negatively affected.

The water has been absorbed into materials like concrete, plaster, and wood, which are classified as Class 4. This calls for special drying techniques and longer drying time.

How Drying a Water Damaged home or Building Works


Physical extraction, dehumidification, and evaporation are considered three methods of removing water from a building. The elimination of water that is liquid is at least 500 times more effective than merely having to put up with dehumidifiers or air mover. The faster the structure is dried, the better. Both methods of extraction and dehumidification are affected by how much of the material is extracted.

Water damage professionals utilize a variety of extraction methods. We use a variety of tools including subsurface extraction tools as well as self-propelled tools.

Forcible Evaporation

The remainder of the moisture gets dried using high-speed air movers once as much water as possible has been removed.

If an object is wet or submerged in water it absorbs some water or moisture. The object becomes damp or wet due to this.

The degree of saturation is referred to as the point at which it is impossible to hold any additional moisture. Higher humidity means that the air is more close to saturation.

In the evaporation stage in which water molecules are ejected from liquid state to gaseous state. This is known as the process of evaporation.

This means that the object is no longer able to absorb water from the atmosphere. The saturation point is the point at which evaporation begins. Once the saturation point is reached drying will begin.

High-efficiency air movers dry the object on both sides during the evaporation phase. They create strong airflow which is controlled by a filtering system.

An air mover can move around 10 to 20 percent more air than a fan, or a standard household fan.

Air movers dry the object approximately 10 times faster than in the natural environment, in which no air mover is used.

High-velocity airflow leaves the surface dry and absorbs the moisture pulled out by the airflow.

Utilizing Heat to Aid the Drying Process

A key component of any restoration is heat. To dry out materials which have been affected by water, we use a number of different types of heaters.

Electric Heaters: These heaters may be used for drying jobs that require multiple heat sources. It is possible to run several heaters at once because of their numerous Wattages.

You can also turn down or off electric heat when the task is completed, but without impacting other heaters. This means you can turn one heater down while increasing the power of the other to increase efficiency and reduce your expenses for energy.

Electric heaters are very common in restoration work since they generate virtually no emissions and use very little water. They take longer to heat up and require more time to dry.

Hydronic Bioler (TES): They are also extremely efficient in heating up quickly yet releasing low emissions. They can be run on propane or natural gas.

Hydronic boilers differ from electric heat since they don’t utilize forced air heat to distribute heat. This can make it difficult to evenly heat large areas with these heaters. They also run at a lower temperature, making them ideal for drying jobs that require ceilings and walls to be left unattended.

In the event that electric heaters can’t be used, hydronic boilers can typically be utilized. They can produce radiant heat, and they can keep your drying space warm without the need for an electric source.


To keep buildings and homes dry that have been damaged by water damage, we employ low Grain Refrigerant (LGR) Dehumidifiers.

The LGR Home Dehumidifier can remove 170 pints of moisture from damp structures that have experienced massive water damage in just 24 hours.

In addition to extracting water out of the air such as an LGR Refrigerant Dehumidifier does this, the home dehumidifier can also get rid of up to 99percent of airborne mold spores in the air by eliminating condensation.

Fixing Wood Floor Water Damage

Water damaged hardwood floors need to be ripped up so repairs can take place from the subflooring upwards.

The subflooring must be removed and repaired first. The hardwood floors damaged must be replaced or sanded. Once these repairs are complete then the entire floor must be sanded and then refinished to ensure a uniform appearance.

Carpets Damaged by Water

Floods can cause severe destruction to your home and can make repairs expensive and time-consuming. Even if the water has been eliminated from the region immediately, there’s still a chance that you will have to eventually replace the flooring.

It’s a huge shock to discover that your home isn’t in the best condition after you have spent so much time and money to restore it.

It is essential to assess the extent of damage as soon as is possible. First thing to do is to determine if the damaged area needs to be replaced. There is a good chance that the carpet can be cleaned and still used once it is dry and this can help to eliminate the concerns about mildew growth and the lingering smells.

Salvaging Carpet After a Water Damage Event

If the damage from water has been very severe there is a chance that you will have noticeable marks on your carpet. In some cases, you may need to change your flooring to remove these stains. A persistent, strong odor can also be an indication to change your carpet. If it is it is likely that you’ll need to replace both your padding and carpet.

Next, determine if your flooring can be dried professionally before deciding whether you want to repair it or replace it. If you have a reputable company perform the cleaning, then you will be able to determine how serious the damage was. Our company will assess your carpet and determine whether it is best to replace it or re-usable. If the carpet you have is already damaged, a few drying methods could further harm it.

The main factors that determine whether or not the carpet and padding need to be replaced are:

Can your carpets be dried and cleaned, or disinfected and cleaned professionally?

If the padding beneath your carpet is also damaged, it can impact the length of time your carpet is clean. Even though your carpet is dried in a short time, mildew growth can still occur when the padding beneath is not dried.

Professional carpet cleaning service is the best option to ensure your carpet is clean and dry after an event of flooding. Once the cleaning is complete, you’ll be able make an informed decision on the condition of your carpeting. It is also possible to decide whether to replace it.

Water Damaged Drywall

The degree of damage determines the type and technique of repair. Repairing water damage could be as simple as removing the drywall portion and then cleaning the affected area and then putting it back.

The opposite of this is that major damage could require a complete replacement of the wall, which includes walls studs and fiberglass insulation.

The spores of mold can be seen in drywall damaged by water that is difficult to remove. In most cases the drywall needs to be replaced. We employ moisture testing tools that help us determine how large and where the humidity has gotten. This helps us identify the areas that are damaged and keep costs restricted to areas that need to be repaired.

The water can also cause structural damage, as it causes the wood to expand and contract. It is easier to break wood if it has been moistened by water. The wood will become brittle if it is left to dry in water for too long.


This problem can be avoided by owners of buildings and homeowners taking immediate action to fix the structural damage caused by moisture-related issues that affect their property after flooding or other water-related damage.

Water Damage in the Foundation

Damage to a home’s foundation can occur for many reasons. Although not all water problems could cause structural damage, it’s important to address foundation issues as quickly as is possible to prevent future structural damage.

The damage caused by water in the foundation could cause various issues in the manner it is addressed. If the issue isn’t treated quickly, it can result in structural damage that is severe.


Roof Water Damage

As with foundation water damage roof water damage is also very common after natural disasters. As well as the possibility of roof leaks, roof damage can also result in issues with the walls and the foundation of a house or building.

Leaking roofs are extremely costly and can have significant negatives. Leakage in the roof could lead to mold growth, which can prove fatal. A roof that is leaky could affect the roof truss structure and cause structural damage to the roof.

Leaks in the ceiling can cause your rafters to decay and become soft if you don’t take action immediately. Electrical faults are also prevalent in the case of roof water damage which can cause the possibility of an electrical fire. All of these are good reasons to have roof water damage repaired quickly after a flood or any other unexpected damage.

HVAC Water Damage

Your home could suffer structural damage if your HVAC system is not working properly or the wrong equipment is installed. Without HVAC it is exposing the inside of your home or business to all kinds of problems. The growth of mold can cause severe health issues.

Pipe water damage

Pipe water damage is usually caused by a burst pipe within your home. Once you’ve determined there’s leak, it’s important to call a professional to stop the water from causing structural damage.

A ruptured pipe can result in devastating damage. Water can enter your home via broken pipes, causing extensive damage. This can lead to structural damage.

Turn off the water supply and call an experienced IICRC-certified professional at a water restoration firm like Critical Control as soon as you spot broken pipe water damage.

What is the price of cleaning up water damages?

Water damage restoration cost per square foot

Repair and cleanup costs can vary based on how much square footage you own. National Flood Services has the below pricing breakdown per square foot.

Are water damages covered by homeowners’ insurance?

Homeowners insurance policies are usually appropriate if the damage is unexpected and accidental. According to the Insurance Information Institute, homeowners insurance policies can cover repair or replacement for a broken window, but not when the damage occurs as a result of neglect.

Damage from neglect could be defined as wear and tear to the surface or object because of exposure, lack of preventative upkeep or general deterioration. According to the Insurance Information Institute, a US-based Insurance Information Institute, homeowners insurance will not cover damages from neglect.

A homeowner’s insurance policy will not cover water damage due to flooding. A flood policy is required. Mortgage lenders might require flood insurance in specific areas. Flooding can be caused by floods, storms or overflowing bodies of water, or overflowing or surging bodies such as streams, lakes, rivers and oceans.