Water damage remediation – Oak Knoll

Homeowners in Oak Knoll get hit with water damage regularly. Whether you’ve suffered from a natural disaster or a localized catastrophe such as a ruptured pipe, Critical Control is standing by to respond 24/7.

If a storm, flood or burst pipes cause water to enter a house or building, water damage occurs more often than not. Sometimes the damage is overt and obvious, but sometimes it is minor or hidden.

The process of repairing water damage is more complicated than just drying out the interior. Modern professional methods for water damage remediation such as Critical Control, can often mitigate damage that would otherwise require a complete structural replacement.

Water Damage Restoration Guidelines are Available for your reference. Call a Professional

Oftentimes, home or building owners attempt to address water damage with DIY solutions available online. This is a mistake. There are guidelines to deal water damage that depend on the equipment and expertise of professionals. The guidelines are laid out in the IICRC Standard Reference Guide or Professional Water Damage Restoration publication. This guide is necessary to ensure that there is a professional standardisation for instances involving water damage to buildings or homes, and the associated risks.

The IICRC guidelines help restoration experts such as Critical Control to evaluate the severity and type of damage to each project.

There are many reasons that water damage professionals should adhere to these guidelines. In certain circumstances, the use of an Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP) is essential. An IEP is a professional who has the experience and knowledge to examine a site for contamination take samples, perform laboratory tests, and advise us on the category of water damage.

This is crucial in cases where the building’s inhabitants are at risk or are concerned about contamination.

Categories and classes of Water Damage


Restoration of water damage projects are classified according to category and class based on the extent of the flooding of water.

The class refers to how dirty the water that entered the structure is. Category 1 is water that comes from a clean source such as the sink or tub, or burst water supply.

Category 2 water is characterized by significant levels of contaminants and could cause illness if it is consumed or in contact with. These sources can be waters that are not readily apparent as a danger, such as the discharge from washing machines and overflows from toilets.

Water in Category 3 can be classified as extremely polluted. It could contain toxic, pathogenic or other harmful substances. This can be caused by sewage backflows, leaks in toilet traps, and water flooding from rivers and streams. This kind of water could have pesticides, heavy metals and regulated substances as well as toxic substances in it.


It is also possible to use the IICRC’s classes to determine just how much water has penetrated your property. This is basically an outline of the amount of water a building or home should be.

Class 1 refers to the lowest amount of absorption and the amount of water. This is when the water comes into contact approximately 5percent or less of construction materials that absorb water. This is typically the case where most of the items affected by water are low evaporation. This means they don’t soak up and hold water. Examples are concrete, finished/coated wood, plaster or masonry.

Class 2 signifies that there is substantial infiltration of water as well as intrusion. This means that between 5% and 40% of the total floor, ceiling, and wall are made of low-evaporation materials like wood, concrete or masonry.

Class 3 is the term used to describe 40% or more of the wall, floor and ceiling materials are porous materials like carpet, insulation, fiberboard etc. and also where other materials that do not absorb much water such as concrete or cement have not been negatively affected.

Water has been absorbed by substances like concrete as well as wood, plaster, and even wood that are classified as Class 4. This requires special drying techniques and longer drying time.

How to Dry a Water damaged building or house


Physical extraction, dehumidification and evaporation are the three main methods of removing water from buildings. The elimination of water that is liquid is at about 500 times more efficient than just putting up with dehumidifiers and air movers. The quicker the structure dries the better. Both extraction and dehumidification methods will be affected by how much stuff is being extracted.

Water damage professionals use a variety techniques. Some of our tools include tools for subsurface extraction, wands as well as self-propelled tools and vacuum squeezers.

Forced Evaporation

Once all water is removed, any moisture remaining is then dried by high-speed airmovers.

A submerged object absorbs water and moisture once it’s moistened. In the process, the material becomes dampened or wet.

The saturation level is referred to as the point where it becomes impossible to contain any more moisture. The greater the humidity, the closer the air is getting to saturation.

In the evaporation stage in which water molecules are ejected from a liquid state to a gaseous state. This is known as evaporation.

In this way, the object will no longer absorb additional water from the atmosphere. This is referred to as the saturation point. When saturation is reached, drying begins.

High-efficiency airmovers dry the object in two areas during the evaporation phase. They produce strong airflow that is controlled by a filter system.

A fan that moves air can move 10 to 20 times the amount of air than a fan , or an ordinary fan.

Air movers dry the object approximately 10 times more quickly than the natural environment, in which there isn’t any air mover.

Airflows that are high-velocity dry the surface and absorbs the water drawn out by the air movement.

Utilizing Heat To Aid In the Drying Process

Heating is a crucial element of any water damage restoration job. We make use of a variety heaters to dry materials that have been damaged by water.

Electric Heaters: These heaters may be used for drying jobs that require multiple heat sources. It is possible to run several heaters simultaneously because of their many wattages.

Electric heat can also be adjustable, allowing it to be turned down or off during the process, but without impacting other heaters. This means that you can lower one heater, while increasing the power of another one to improve efficiency and lower energy costs.

Because they emit almost no carbon dioxide and require little water Electric heaters are popular for restoration projects. They take longer to heat up and take longer drying time.

Hydronic Bioler (TES) These boilers are extremely efficient at quickly heating up yet releasing very little emissions. They can be powered by propane or natural gas.

Hydronic boilers are different from electric heating in the sense that they don’t make use of forced air to distribute heat, so it can be challenging to evenly heat an area with these types of heaters. They can also be utilized to dry jobs that do not require ceilings or walls to remain in their place.

Hydronic boilers are also often employed when there isn’t enough electricity to power electric heaters. They can generate radiant heat, and they can keep your drying area warm without the requirement of an electrical source.


We use Low Grain Refrigerant Dehumidifiers (LGR) to keep buildings dry as well as houses that have suffered water damage.

The LGR Home Dehumidifier can draw 170 pints of water from damp structures which have suffered massive water damage in just 24 hours.

In addition to removing water out of the air, as a LGR Refrigerant Dehumidifier does, the home dehumidifier will also remove up to 99percent of airborne mold spores in the air by eliminating condensation.

Repairing Wood Floor Water Damage

Water damaged hardwood floors need to be removed so that repairs can occur starting from the subflooring up.

Subflooring that is damaged first has to be removed and replaced. Next, the hardwood boards affected need to be replaced or sanded. Once these repairs are complete then the entire floor must be sanded and refinished to ensure a uniform appearance.

Carpets are susceptible to water damage

Floods can cause significant destruction to your home and can make repairs costly and difficult to repair. Even if water is removed from the affected area immediately, there is the possibility that you will have to replace your flooring eventually.

After spending time and money to restore your home to its pre-flooding condition, it will be devastating to find that the end result leaves something to be desired.

It is vital to identify the extent of damage as soon as possible. First thing to do is to determine if the damaged area requires replacement. There’s a good possibility that the carpet could be cleaned and used once it is dry, and this cleaning will help eliminate some of concerns regarding the growth of mildew and persistent odors.

Salvaging Carpet After a Water Damage Event

There may be stains on your carpeting if the damage to your carpet was extensive. In some cases, you may need to replace your flooring in order to eliminate the stains. An odor that is persistent and strong could also be a reason to replace your carpeting. If you find this to be the case it is likely that you’ll have to replace the padding and carpet.

Then, consider if your floor can be professionally dried before you decide to repair it or replace it. If you have a reputable company perform the cleaning, then you will be able to determine how serious the damage was. Our firm will examine your carpet and determine whether it’s worth replacing or re-usable. Keep in mind that certain methods employed for drying may cause further damage to the carpet even if it’s already in bad condition.

A few of the factors which will decide whether or not the carpet and padding need to be replaced are:

Do your carpets get professionally dried, cleaned, and disinfected?

If the padding beneath your carpet is also damaged, this can affect the time that your carpet will remain clean. Even though your carpet may have dried quickly but the chance of mildew growth is still present if the padding beneath isn’t dried too.

The best way to be sure that your carpeting is properly restored and disinfected after a flood is to hire an expert carpet cleaning service. Once the company has completed their job, you’ll be able to make a more informed decision regarding the condition of your carpeting and decide whether or not to replace it.

Drywall damaged by water

The process for repairing drywall varies depending on the severity of damage. Water damage repair can be simple as taking out an area of drywall then cleaning it and after that, replacing it.

On the other hand of the coin significant damage might necessitate whole reconstruction of the wall, which could include wall studs and fiberglass insulation.

Mold spores can be found in damaged drywall, which is difficult to remove. In most instances drywalls will have to be replaced. We utilize moisture testing tools that allow us to determine the extent to which humidity has gotten. This allows us to isolate the areas that are damaged and limit the costs to the areas that are damaged in a way that is necessary.

Water also causes structural damage, as it causes the wood material to expand and shrink. Once the wood is moistened by water, it becomes much easier to break. If the water remains for a prolonged time, there can be an extensive amount of rot within the wood, which could cause it to crack easily.


To avoid this issue, it’s important to homeowners and property owners to fix structural damage from the effects of moisture on their property immediately after the water or flood event.

Water Damage in the Foundation

There are a variety of reasons that water damage could affect a foundation of a house. While not all water issues cause structural damage, it’s important to fix foundational issues as soon as possible to avoid further structural damage.

The damage caused by water in the foundation could cause a number of different issues dependent on the way it is dealt with. It can lead to serious structural damage if not treated quickly.


Roof Water Damage

Water damage to roofs can be caused by natural disasters as well as foundation water damage. As well as creating roof leaks damage can also cause problems with the walls or foundations of a the building.

Roof leaks are expensive and may have significant drawbacks. The roof’s leaks could result in the growth of mold, which can prove fatal. The leaks in the roof could cause damage to the roof truss system.

Leaks from the ceiling could cause your rafters’ to degrade and become soft if you don’t address them immediately. Electrical faults are also common in the case of roof water damage which could cause the possibility of an electrical fire. These are all good reasons to have your roof water damage dealt with quickly after a flood or other type of unexpected damage.

HVAC Water Damage

If your HVAC system is failing or brand-new equipment is found to be inoperable, it can cause structural damage to your home. Without HVAC you’re opening the interior of your house or business to all sorts of issues. The growth of mold can cause a variety of health issues that are very serious.

Water damage to pipes

Water damage to pipes is typically caused by a ruptured pipe in your home. If you’ve discovered an issue, it’s important to call a professional to stop the water from creating structural damage.

Burst pipes can cause a lot of damage. If your pipes fail and water enters your home, causing severe damage and requiring water damage repair – which can bring with it structural damages.

When you see water damage to your pipe that is not repaired stop the water supply.

What is the cost of the restoration of water damage?

Water damage restoration cost per square foot

Repair and cleanup costs will vary depending on how many square feet you own. The following breakdown of pricing is available at National Flood Services for each square foot

Are water damage covered By the Homeowner’s Insurance?

If the cause was sudden and unintentional the homeowners insurance policy generally cover it. The Insurance Information Institute states that homeowners insurance may be used to pay for repairs or replacement of damaged windows however, it does not cover damage caused by neglect.

Damage from neglect may be described as wear and tear to a surface or object because of exposure, insufficient preventative maintenance, or general degradation. According to the American-based Insurance Information Institute, homeowners insurance doesn’t cover damage caused by negligence.

A homeowner’s policy does not be able to cover damage to water caused by flooding. A flood policy is necessary. Mortgage lenders might need flood policies in certain regions. Flooding can happen due to storms, flooding the ground, overflowing bodies of water, or overflowing or surging bodies such as rivers, lakes, streams and oceans.