Water damage remediation – Oxford

Property owners in Oxford experience burst pipe damage regularly. Whether you’ve experienced a natural disaster or a localized catastrophe such as a ruptured pipe, Critical Control is standing by to respond 24/7.

If a storm, flood or burst pipes cause water to enter a house or structure water damage is most of the time. Sometimes the damage is apparent and evident. In other instances, it’s more subtle or unreported.

Remediation of water damage is more complex than simply drying out the interior. Modern professional water damage remediation techniques such as Critical Control, can often mitigate damage that would otherwise require a complete structural replacement.

Water Damage Restoration Guidelines Are In Place and you can call a Professional

Many times, homeowners and builders attempt to repair water damage by using DIY solutions that can be located on the internet. This is a bad idea. There are guidelines to deal with water damage , and they call on the skills and tools of experts. These guidelines are found in the IICRC Standard Reference Guide, or Professional Water Damage Restoration book. This guideline is essential to ensure professional standardisation of scenarios involving water damage structures or homes, as well as the risk associated with it.

The IICRC guidelines assist restoration experts such as Critical Control to evaluate the kind and severity of the damage on each project.

There are really important reasons that water damage professionals should adhere to these guidelines. There are certain situations that require us to bring in an Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP). An IEP is an expert who has the experience and knowledge to examine a site for contamination, collect samples, get lab tests, and then provide us with the type of water damage.

This is crucial when the building’s residents are in danger or are concerned about contamination.

Categories and Classes of Water Damage


Restoration of water damage projects are classified into categories and class depending mostly on the extent of the invasion of water.

The water that entered the building was classified according to its level of contamination. Category 1 is water that comes from a clean source, such as a tub or sink or burst water supply.

Category 2 water is characterized by the highest levels of contaminants. It could cause illness if it is consumed or in contact with. These sources can be water that is not obvious as a danger such as the effluent from washing machines or spills from toilets.

Category 3 water is grossly contaminated meaning that it can contain pathogenic, toxic or any other harmful agent within it. It can be caused by leaks in toilet traps, and the flooding of streams and rivers. This water can contain pesticides, heavy metallics or toxic substances.


We can also use the IICRC’s classes to determine how much water has gotten into your property. The system is basically a set of guidelines for the level of saturation of the building or home.

The lowest degree of water absorption , and the most water is classified as Class 1. This happens when water comes into contact with less than 5% the building materials that absorb water. This is the situation that the majority of the building materials affected by water are low in evaporation, which means that they aren’t able to absorb and retain water. Concrete and masonry, as well as plaster and coated or finished wood are only several examples.

Class 2 is a term used to describe water absorption and intrusion. It is approximately 5 up to 40% of the combined floor, wall and ceiling consist of low evaporation materials such as plaster wood, concrete, or bricks and mortar.

Class 3 refers to the fact that around 40% or more of the floor, wall, and ceiling surfaces are porous like carpet, insulation, fiberboard etc. Other materials such as concrete or plaster that don’t absorb water have not been adversely affected.

Class 4 indicates that water has become deeply bound in materials that do not easily absorb water as wood, plaster, concrete and masonry. This requires more drying time and special drying methods.

How do you dry a water damaged home or Building Works


Three methods for removing water from buildings are physical extraction, dehumidification and evaporation. Removal of liquid water is at minimum 500 times more efficient than simply putting up with dehumidifiers and air moving machines. The quicker the structure is dried more efficiently. The quantity of material to be extracted can affect both dehumidification and extraction techniques.

Water damage experts employ a variety of extraction methods. We make use of a variety of equipment, such as self-propelled and subsurface extraction tools.

Forced Evaporation

The remaining moisture is then dried using high-speed air movers once the maximum amount of water has been taken away.

A submerged object absorbs water and moisture once it’s wet. The material becomes damp or wet due to this.

Saturation is the time where it becomes unachievable for air to hold any moisture. The higher the humidity, the closer the air is getting to saturation.

In the evaporation phase in which water molecules are ejected from liquid state to gaseous state. The process is referred to as evaporation.

In this way the object no longer absorbs additional moisture from the atmosphere. This is known as the saturation point. the point at which evaporation begins. When saturation is reached, drying starts.

High-efficiency air movers dry objects on both sides during the evaporation phase. They generate strong airflow that is controlled by a filtering system.

A fan that moves air can move around 10 to 20 percent more air than a fan, or an ordinary fan used in the home.

The object is dried by airmovers around 10 times faster than natural conditions in which no air mover was used.

A high-velocity airflow dries the surface of the object and draws in the moisture that has been taken away by the air movement.

Utilizing Heat To Aid In the Drying Process

One of the most essential elements of any restoration project is heating. To dry out the materials that have been affected by water, we use various kinds of heaters.

Electric Heaters They are ideal to dry jobs that require several different heating sources. This is because they can be found in various energies, which lets you operate multiple heaters at once.

You can also turn down the electric heating as the work is done, without affecting other heaters. This means you can reduce one heater while increasing the power of another to maximize efficiency and reduce your energy costs.

Because they emit almost no carbon dioxide and require minimal water Electric heaters are used in restoration projects. However, the only drawback is that they take longer to heat up, requiring more time for the drying process overall.

Hydronic Bioler (TES) They are also extremely efficient at heating up quickly yet releasing minimal emissions. They can be powered by propane or natural gas.

Hydronic boilers are different from electric heat in that they don’t use forced-air to distribute heat, which means it could be difficult to evenly heat a large area with these types of heaters. They also run at an lower temperature, making them ideal for drying jobs that require walls and ceilings to remain in place.

If electric heaters are not used, hydronic boilers can typically be utilized. Because they’re so effective at producing radiant heat, they are able to keep your drying space warm even when there is no electrical power source.


We use low Grain Refrigerant Dehumidifiers (LGR) to dry buildings as well as houses that have suffered water damage.

The LGR Home Dehumidifier can remove 170 pints of water from damp structures that have suffered extensive water damage within 24 hours.

The home dehumidifier can extract water from the air in the same way it does an LGR Refrigerant Dehumidifier. It can get rid of the 99 percent or more of airborne mold spores by removing condensation.

Repairing Hardwood Floor Water Damage

The floors that have been damaged by water need to be ripped up so repairs can take place starting from the subflooring up.

The subflooring has to be removed and repaired prior to. The hardwood floors damaged must be replaced or sanded. In order to ensure a uniform appearance the floors must be sanded down and refinished after these repairs have been made.

Water Damage To Carpeting

If you’ve had the misfortune of experiencing an incident of flooding in your home this can be a stressful and expensive experience. You may need to replace your flooring even if you’ve taken the water out of the area as fast as is possible.

It would be devastating to find out that your home isn’t in the best condition after you have spent lots of time and money to fix it.

This is why it is important to assess the severity of the damage as soon as possible. One of the initial issues that needs to be addressed is whether or not the damaged region should be replaced. It is possible to wash the carpet, then use it once dry. This can eliminate concerns about mildew growth or lingering smells.

Salvaging Carpet After a Water Damage Event

If the water damage is very extensive It is likely that you will have noticeable staining on your carpet. In some instances, the only way to eliminate these stains is to replace the flooring. An odor that is persistent and strong could also be a reason to change your carpet. If you find this to be the case it is likely that you’ll need to replace both your carpet and padding.

Check to see if the floor can be professionally dried before you decide whether to replace it. If you’ve got an established company that can handle the cleaning, then you will be able to determine how severe the water damage was. We can determine if your carpet should be replaced or can be saved. If the carpet you have is in poor shape, some drying techniques can further damage it.

A variety of factors can determine the need for padding or carpet should be replaced.

Do your carpets get professionally cleaned, dried, and disinfected?

If the padding underneath your carpet is damaged, it could affect how long the carpet can last. Although your carpet might have been dried immediately but the chance of mildew development is present if the padding beneath isn’t dried too.

The safest way to ensure that your carpet is cleaned and disinfected following an event of flooding is to engage an expert carpet cleaning service. After the company completes their task, you’ll be capable of making an informed decision regarding the condition of your carpet and determine whether or not to change it.

Drywall damaged by water

The drywall repair procedure varies based on the extent of the damage. Repairing water damage may be as easy as removing a portion of drywall and then cleaning the affected area and replacing it.

On the other hand of the coin serious damage could require a complete wall replacement, which includes wall studs and fiberglass insulation.

Mold spores can be found in water damaged drywall that is difficult to remove. In the majority of cases, the drywall will have to be replaced. We utilize moisture testing tools to assess the extent of the moisture. This helps us identify damaged areas and limit the costs to only necessary damaged areas.

The water can also cause structural damage by causing the wood to expand and shrink. When the wood is saturated by water, it becomes much more difficult to break. If the water remains for a lengthy time, it could cause an extensive amount of rot in the wood that can make it break easily.


To avoid this issue, it’s important for homeowners and building owners to take care of structural damage caused by water-related issues with their property immediately after a flood or water damage occasion.

Foundation Water Damage

Water damage to a house’s foundation can occur for many reasons. While not every water issue could cause structural damage, it is important to address foundation problems as quickly as you can in order to avoid any further structural damage.

Foundation water damage can result in a myriad of problems based on how it’s treated. It can cause severe structural damage if not treated promptly.


Roof Water Damage

Damage to the roof can result from natural disasters as well as foundation water damage. As well as the possibility of roof leaks, roof damage can cause issues with the walls and foundation of a home or building.

Roof leaks can be costly and have serious disadvantages. A leak in the roof can cause mold and mildew to develop, which could be deadly. A leaking roof may also cause damage to the roof truss system, which can cause structural damage to the roof.

Leaks in your ceiling could cause your rafters to deteriorate and soften if you do not take action immediately. Electrical problems are also common in the case of roof water damage that can lead to the possibility of an electrical fire. All of these are excellent reasons to get roof water damage repaired swiftly after a flood or any other sudden damage.

HVAC Water Damage

If your HVAC system is failing or brand new equipment is found to be defective, it could cause the structure of your home. Your business and home at risk by not having HVAC. Mold growth can occur and cause a variety of serious health issues.

Damage to pipes caused by water

If you have pipe water damage, the water will likely be coming from a burst pipe in your home. If you’ve discovered an issue, it’s important to call an expert to prevent the water from damaging the structure.

The burst of pipes can cause amount of damage. The water can get into your home through damaged pipes, causing extensive damage. This can lead to structural damage.

As soon as you notice water damage to your pipe that is not repaired close off the supply of water.

What’s the cost for cleaning up water damaged?

Water damage restoration cost per square foot

Water damage cleanup and repair cost will differ based on how much square footage you own. The following pricing breakdown can be obtained from National Flood Services for each square foot

Are water damage covered By Homeowner’s Insurance?

Insurance policies for homeowners are typically applicable if the source of the damage is sudden and not intentional. The Insurance Information Institute states that homeowners insurance will be used to pay for repairs or replacement of windows that have been damaged but not for damages caused by negligence.

Neglect is defined as damage to a surface or an object that results from the weather, lack of maintenance or general wear and tear. The Insurance Information Institute in the US states that homeowners insurance does NOT cover neglect-related damage.

A homeowners policy would not be able to cover damage to water caused by flooding. Flood insurance is mandatory. In certain areas, flood policies are required by mortgage lenders. Flooding can happen because of storms, over-saturated ground, overflowing or surging bodies of water, such as rivers, ponds, lakes rivers, oceans, and streams together with high winds.