Water damage remediation – Sonoma

Property owners in Sonoma experience flood damage on a regular basis. Whether you’ve suffered from a natural disaster or a localized catastrophe such as a building flood, Critical Control is standing by to respond 24/7.

When a flood, storm, or burst pipe causes water to enter a house or building, water damage occurs most of the time. Sometimes, the damage is obvious and evident, while other times it is minor or hidden.

It is more complicated than just drying the interior to fix water damage. Modern professional techniques for water damage repair like Critical Control, can often minimize damage that otherwise would need a total structural replacement.

Water Damage Restoration Guidelines are readily available Contact a Professional

Oftentimes, home or building owners attempt to address water damage by using DIY solutions that can be found online. This is inadvisable. Water damage can be controlled in accordance with established guidelines. These guidelines demand the knowledge and skills of professionals. These guidelines are detailed in what is known as IICRC Standard Reference Guide or Professional Water Damage Restoration publication. The guide was created due to the necessity of professional standardisation of situations that involve water destruction to buildings and homes as well as the risk they pose.

The IICRC guidelines help restoration professionals like Critical Control to evaluate the category and class of damages on every project.

There are a lot of reasons why water damage experts must adhere to these guidelines. There are instances that require our bringing in the services of an Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP). An IEP is someone who has the expertise and experience to analyze a site for contamination collect samples, perform lab tests and give us advice on the kind of water damage that is likely to occur.

This is particularly important in cases where the building’s inhabitants could be high risk, there is a possibility of negative health effects, the people who live there are required to determine the suspected contaminants or have another reason to raise concerned about contamination.

Water damages caused by types and classes


Projects for water damage restoration are classified into two categories, depending on how extensive the infiltration of water is.

The category has to do with how polluted the water entering the structure was. The category 1 indicates that the water is from a clean source, such as burst water supply, or even a sink or tub.

Category 2 water contains the highest levels of contaminants. It can cause illness when it is consumed or in contact with. The sources could be waters that are not readily apparent as a threat like the discharge from washing machines and overflows from toilets.

Category 3 water is grossly polluted, meaning it could contain pathogenic, toxic or other harmful substances within it. It can be caused by toilet trap leaks, and the flooding of rivers and streams. This water may include heavy metals, pesticides or other toxic substances.


You can also utilize the IICRC’s classes to determine how much water has gotten into your property. This system is basically an outline of how saturated a building or home ought to be.

The lowest level of water absorption and the greatest amount of water is categorized as Class 1. It is the case when water comes in contact with around 5percent or less of building materials which absorb water. This is the situation where most of the items affected by water are low in evaporation, which means that they don’t soak up and hold in water. Examples are concrete, finished/coated wood, plaster or masonry.

Class 2 means that there is significant infiltration of water as well as intrusion. This is about 5 up to 40% of combined ceiling, floor and wall comprised of low-evaporation materials such as plaster, concrete, wood or bricks and mortar.

Class 3 refers to the fact that around 40 percent or more of floor, wall, and ceiling materials are porous like fiberboard, insulation, carpet and so on. and also where other materials that do not take in a lot of water, such as concrete or cement have not been adversely affected.

Class 4 refers to the fact that water has been deeply trapped in the materials that can not easily absorb water as plaster, wood, concrete and the masonry. This is why special drying methods are required and longer drying time.

How to Dry a Water damaged Building or House


Physical extraction, dehumidification and evaporation are considered three methods to remove water from a building. Eliminating water from liquids is at most 500 times more efficient than airmovers. The faster the structure can dry, the more efficient. Both methods of extraction and dehumidification will be affected by the amount of much of the material is extracted.

Professionals dealing with water damage use a variety techniques. Some of our tools include subsurface tools, wands, self-propelled tools, and vacuum squeezers.

Forced Evaporation

The remainder of the moisture gets dried with high-velocity air movers after as much water as has been removed.

A submerged object absorbs moisture and water when it’s moistened. As a result, the material gets dampened or wet.

Saturation is defined as the point where it becomes unachievable for the air to contain any moisture. The greater the humidity, the closer the air is to saturation.

The evaporation stage is the time the moment when water molecules shift from an in liquid state to a gaseous one. This process is known as evaporation.

In other words, the object no longer absorbs additional moisture from the atmosphere. We call that saturation point the point of evaporation. As soon as saturation is reached the drying process starts.

In the evaporation stage the highly efficient air movers dry the object from two sides. They produce a powerful airflow across the surface of the object that is controlled by a filter system that is able to cover the entire area of the object.

A fan that moves air can move 10 to 20 times more air than a fan , or an ordinary fan.

Air movers dry objects around 10 times faster than normal conditions, when there is no air movement.

High-velocity airflow dry the surface and absorbs the moisture that is drawn out by airflow.

Utilizing Heat To Aid In the Drying Process

The element of heat is crucial to the success of any restoration task. In order to dry out any materials which have been affected by water, we make use of a number of different types of heaters.

Electric Heaters: Electric heaters are great for drying tasks that require the use of multiple heat sources. It is possible to run several heaters at once because of their numerous power ratings.

It is also possible to turn off or turn off the electric heater when the task is done, and not affect other heaters. To increase efficiency and reduce your expenses for energy, you can adjust the wattage of a heater, while also increasing its power.

Electric heaters are very common in restoration jobs since they emit virtually no emissions and use very little water. They are more difficult to heat up and take more time for drying.

Hydronic Bioler (TES): Hydronic boilers are also very efficient at quickly heating up and generating low emissions. They typically operate on natural gas or propane.

Hydronic boilers are different from electric heating in the sense that they don’t use forced-air to distribute heat, so it can be challenging to evenly heat an area using these kinds of heaters. They also run at an lower temperature, making them ideal for drying jobs that require ceilings and walls to be left unattended.

When electric heaters cannot be utilized, hydronic boilers can frequently be employed. Because they are extremely efficient at producing radiant heat, they can easily keep your drying space warm, even without an electrical power source.


To keep buildings and homes dry which have suffered damage due to water damage, we make use of low Grain Refrigerant (LGR) Dehumidifiers.

The LGR Home Dehumidifier can remove 170 pints of water from an un-dry structure that has been severely damaged by water damage each 24 hours.

The dehumidifier at home is able to remove water from the air in the same manner it does an LGR Refrigerant Dehumidifier. It will also remove the 99 percent or more of airborne mold spores through the elimination of condensation.

Repairing Wood Floor Water Damage

It is essential to take away the hardwood floors that have been damaged by water to allow repairs to be made starting from the subflooring.

The subflooring needs to be removed and repaired prior to. Next, the hardwood boards damaged need to be replaced or sanded. To ensure a uniform appearance, all floors should be sanded down and repaired after these repairs are completed.

Carpets are prone to water damage

Floods can cause serious destruction to your home and cause it to be costly and difficult to repair. Even if the water has been taken away from the affected region immediately, there’s still a chance that you will have to replace the flooring in the future.

After spending time and money restoring your home to pre-flood condition, it would be depressing to discover that the finished results leave something to be desired.

This is why it is important to assess the extent of damage as quickly as is possible. One of the initial issues that needs to be addressed is whether the affected area needs to be replaced. There’s a good chance that the carpet can be cleaned and used once it is dry and this will eliminate some of the worries about the growth of mildew and lingering odors.

Salvaging Carpet After a Water Damage Event

There may be stains on your carpet if the damage to your carpet was serious. There are times when you have to change your flooring to remove the stain. A strong, lingering odor may also be the reason to change your carpet. If it is, then you will likely need to replace both the padding and carpet.

The next step to determine whether or not it is necessary to replace your carpeting is to determine if the floor is able to be professionally cleaned and dried. Professionals will be able to aid you in determining the severity of the damages were. We will be able to evaluate whether or not your carpet should be replaced or can be saved. Remember that some methods employed to dry the carpet can harm the carpet further even if it’s already in poor condition.

Several factors will influence the need for padding or carpet is a good idea to replace it.

Are your carpets professionally dried, cleaned, and disinfected?

The carpet’s ability to remain clean can be affected if the padding beneath it is damaged. Although your carpet might have been dried immediately but the chance of mold growth is present if the padding beneath it is not dried as well.

The safest way to ensure that your carpet is restored and disinfected after an event of flooding is to engage a professional carpet cleaning company. After the company completes their work, you will be able to make a more informed decision regarding the condition of your carpet and decide whether or not you need to change it.

Drywall Damaged by Water

The procedure for repair of drywall differs depending on the severity of damage. Repairing water damage may be as easy as taking out some drywall, cleaning the area, and then putting it back.

The opposite of this is that major damage could require a complete replacement of the wall, which includes walls studs and fiberglass insulation.

The drywall that is damaged by water usually harbors mold spores that can’t be removed easily. Most of the time, the drywall will have to be replaced. We utilize moisture testing tools to determine the amount of moisture. This helps us identify areas of damage and limit the costs to the areas that are damaged in a way that is necessary.

The water can also cause structural damage by causing the wood material to expand and contract. It is much more difficult to break wood if it is moistened by water. The wood will get brittle if allowed to dry in water for too long.


To avoid this problem, it’s essential to homeowners and property owners to fix structural damage from the effects of moisture on their properties immediately following a flood or water damage occasion.

Foundation Water Damage

There are numerous reasons why water damage could affect the foundation of a house. While not all issues with water cause structural damage, it’s critical to repair foundational problems in the quickest time possible to avoid potential structural damage.

Foundation water damage can result in a myriad of problems depending on how it is dealt with. If the issue isn’t taken care of quickly, it could cause serious structural damage.


Roof Water Damage

Like foundation water damage, roof water damage is also quite common following natural disasters. As well as the possibility of roof leaks, roof damage can cause problems with the walls and the foundation of a house or building.

Roof leaks are expensive and can have serious drawbacks. Leakage in the roof could cause mold to grow that could be fatal. A leaking roof may also cause damage to the roof truss system that can lead to structural damage to the roof.

Leaks in your ceiling could cause your rafters to deteriorate and soften if you don’t take action immediately. Electrical faults are also common in the case of roof water damage that can lead to the possibility of an electrical fire. All of these are good reasons to have your roof water damage taken care of promptly following a flood or other sudden damage.

HVAC Water Damage

If your HVAC system starts to fail or brand-new equipment is found to be inoperable, it can result in the structure of your house. Your business and home at risk because you do not have HVAC. Mold growth can occur and cause a variety of health issues that are very serious.

Water damage to pipes

If you have pipe damage due to water, it is most likely coming from a pipe that has burst in your home. When you’ve discovered that there’s been a leak, it’s important for you to contact a professional to stop the flow of water and make sure it doesn’t lead to structural damage.

A ruptured pipe can result in serious damage. The water can get into your home via broken pipes, which can cause severe damage. This could lead to structural damage.

If you spot broken pipe water damage, shut off the water supply.

What is the price of the restoration of water damages?

Water damage restoration cost per square foot

Depending on the square foot, water damage repairs and cleanup expenses can vary. The following pricing breakdown can be obtained from National Flood Services for each square foot

Are water damages insured by the homeowner’s insurance?

If the cause was accidental and sudden the homeowners insurance policy typically cover the damage. The Insurance Information Institute states that homeowners insurance will provide for the repair or replacement of damaged windows, but not for damage caused by negligence.

Neglect can be described as damage to an object or surface that is the result of the weather, lack of maintenance or general deterioration. According to the US-based Insurance Information Institute, homeowners insurance does not cover damage from neglect.

A homeowners policy would not be able to cover damage to water caused by flooding. Instead, a flood insurance policy would be required. Mortgage lenders might need flood insurance in some areas. Flooding can happen due to storms, flooding the ground and overflowing bodies or overflowing or surging bodies like rivers, lakes, streams and oceans.